This report is the second output from the value for money component of the Study of Early Education and Development (SEED). The value for money component of SEED compares the costs of delivering early education with the monetary value of the impacts on child development. Value for money is captured in the “benefit to cost ratio” and estimated for different types of provision (part-time and full-time, provider type and quality of provision).
The existing evidence shows that improvements in child development at age three and age four can be linked to later monetary benefits from reduced Special Educational Needs (SEN), truancy, school exclusion, crime, smoking and depression and from improved employment rates and earnings. The new analysis of NPD data shows that improvements in Key Stage 1 (KS1) attainment at age seven can be linked to later monetary benefits in reduced SEN, truancy and school exclusion and from higher qualifications leading to higher lifetime earnings.